Dicots have two cotyledons, four- or five-part flowers, and net leaf vein patterns.Monocots include grasses, orchids, palms, and cattails, and dicots include oaks, sycamores, and maples.Agriculture: large-scale cultivation of the land, with resulting specialization of labor, domestication of plants and animals, identification with one’s sedentery social group, and a radical separation from the natural world.The Agricultural (Neolithic) Revolution began ten thousand years ago in the Fertile Crescent, where extensive irrigation turned once-fertile croplands into barren salt pans.
Animism: a derogatory anthropological term for what most human cultures have believed throughout prehistory: that the Earth is alive and reactive, as are its many places.Agribusiness: one that markets farm products and equipment, including warehousing, seed monopolization, and fertilizer.The corporatization of farming, resulting in a handful of very large non-local companies owning and managing--and in some cases ruining--millions of high-yield acres.Most of it is generated by sulfur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide (air pollution). Results include fish and plant deaths, corrosion, groundwater pollution, and soil erosion. Actinomycetes: formerly classified as fungi because of their filaments, the actinomycetales include many types of soil bacteria.They produce antibiotics, enzymes, and vitamins, although a few are harmful to humans.
Anthropocentric Detour: deep ecologist George Sessions’ term for the ideological turn of mind Western civilization has taken, accompanied by occasional opportunities to return to a less human-centered way of viewing the world (e.g., Maimonides’ belief that the world was good before humans were created, and Spinoza’s thought that mind is found throughout nature).